Many Internet sites offer language and background resources for the classicist. Of particular interest is the webpage Useful Internet Links for AP Latin, which is helpful for the non-AP Latinist as well. Listed below are dependable sites that users of Companion will find handy and instructive for comprehension of Worlds passages. Since it is our pedagogical bias that intermediate-level students should be encouraged to read as much Latin in the original as possible for a better understanding of the language, we have been generous with our text glosses and suggestions for resources in order to facilitate their reading.
Calendar of Holidays and Festivals
Calendars Through the Ages
The Roman Calendar
History of the Roman Calendar
Roman Festivals/Sacred Days
Ovid's Fasti, poetic translation by A.S. Kline
Ancient Coins for Education
Ancient Coins: In Praise of the Celators!
Reading Ancient Coins
The Ruth and Louise McCollum Memorial Collection of Ancient Coins
Grammars: Good reference grammars are welcome at any
level of language learning, but especially for intermediate Latin students:
A basic Latin grammar
Bennett´s New Latin Grammar, online at Project Gutenberg or free download
Allen and Greenough's New Latin Grammar for Schools and Colleges at Perseus
Allen and Greenough's Latin Grammar at Project Libellus
Introduction to Greek and Latin Epigraphy: an absolute beginners' guide: Onno van Nijf. This webpage, though dated, provides a great deal of information and resources about both Greek and Latin epigraphy
Latin Epigraphy: Major Web Resources: on Lacus Curtius
Databases of Latin Inscriptions:
Lexica: Since there is no common elementary
Latin text, it is difficult to determine what vocabulary
intermediate Latin students might be expected to know. Therefore, in addition
to offering plentiful glosses, Companion Editors sought an accessible, reliable, and user-friendly dictionary.
For now, William Whitaker's
Latin-English Dictionary seems the best choice. Notre Dame's Internet
Whitaker´s Words; free download version of
Whitaker´s Words (1.97 Ed) for PC or MAC;
Classics Technology Center. Students beyond the
intermediate level are advised to use Lewis and Short at Perseus,
A Latin Dictionary, or on the Harvard site
Pollux, Archimedes Project
Babylon Ltd. offers several Latin dictionaries, among which is John Madsen's enhanced version of Whitaker (while free, it and Babylon's software must be downloaded for use).
Robertson's Words for a Modern Age: A Dictionary of Latin and Greek Words, and English Word Lists, used in Modern English Vocabulary
Abbreviations in Latin Inscriptions: Tom Elliott's useful compilation from inscriptions found in AE
Meter and Rhetoric: Understanding metrical forms and rhetorical devices makes possible a deeper level of language
comprehension; these sites instructive as well as
Glossary of Rhetorical Terms
Reading Latin Poetry
Scansion of Poetic Meter
Digital Roman Forum
Forma Urbis Romae: Stanford University Project
Models of Rome: Andre Caron
ORBIS: The Stanford Geospatial Network Model of the Roman World
Roman Forum of 179 AD: Robert Garbisch
Rome and Environs: Antony Kamm
Pleiades: Roger Bagnall, Richard Talbert, Sean Gillies offer historical geographic information about the Greek and Roman world in digital form
SORGLL: Society for the Oral Reading of Greek and Latin Literature
Using Authentic Latin Poetry in Lower Level Language Classes, Mary English
Teaching Latin with a Feminist Consciousness, Alice Garrett
The Art of Reading Latin: How to Teach It, William Gardner Hale (1887)
Grammar & CLC: Keeping it in Context, Ginny Lindzey
Fluent Latin: a reflection on Latin: How to Read it Fluently by B. Dexter Hoyos, Ginny Lindzey
Reading Proficiency in Latin Through Expectations and Visualization, co-authored by Donka D. Markus and Deborah Pennell Ross, Classical World 98.1 (Fall 2004) : 79-93 (permission of the editor).
Diagramming Latin Sentences, Part I, Part II, Barbara McManus
From Slate to Tablet PC: Using New Technologies to Teach and Learn Latin and Greek, Andrew Reinhard, Classical Journal Forum Online 2008.03.03
Ad Fontes Academy: The Latin Library
De Feminis Romanis
Forum Romanum: Corpus Scriptorum Latinorum
Graffiti at Ostia, Texts, Inscriptions
The Perseus Digital Library: Greek and Roman Materials
Vindolanda Tablets Online: a collaborative project between Centre for the Study of Ancient Documents and Oxford University's Academic Computing Development Team, it is part of the Mellon Foundation's Script, Image and the Culture of Writing in the Ancient World programan. It consists of high-quality digital images of the Vindolanda writing-tablets (edd. A.K. Bowman and J.D. Thomas) and supporting materials and exercises, with searchable linked databases of texts and images, commentaries on the texts, an illustrated guide to the palaeography and characteristics of early Latin writing, evidence for the physical context of the deposit at the site of the Vindolanda fort, and for materials mentioned in the texts.
Consuls of the Roman Republic: Keith Fitzpatrick-Matthews
A Roman History Timeline to Constantine: James Ruebel, Michael Arnush
AD79: Destruction and Re-discovery: created by Peter Clements, the website contains more than 390 pages and 3,400+ photographs, maps and plans about Pompeii, Herculaneum, Stabiae, Oplontis and Boscoreale; history of the region; daily life of the people; an in-depth look at what can be seen today; links to other related sites.
Ancient Stuff: a site authored by Jasper Burns offering images and essays on interesting questions relating to the imperial families.
De Imperatoribus Romanis: an online encyclopedia of Roman Emperors and their families
Getty Villa: a searchable guide to the Greek and Latin collections at the museum in Malibu, CA, and supporting educational materials
Greek Mythology Link: a searchable guide to the Greco-Roman gods, heroes and myths by Carlos Parada
Medicina Antiqua: a scholarly introduction and resource for the study of Graeco-Roman medicine, it was created by Lee Pearcy and Jason Davies
National Latin Exam: Materials and Texts
Ostia Antica: Harbor City of Ancient Rome: a professional and educational resource maintained by the Internet Group Ostia under the Soprintendenza of Rome
Perseus Digital Library: Greek and Roman Materials
Pompeian Households: created by Penelope M. Allison
Roman Britain: created by Patrick Ottaway FSA
Pompeii Forum Project: an interdisciplinary collaborative research venture sponsored by the National Endowment for the Humanities, the University of Virginia, and private contributors.
Rome: Republic to Empire: created and maintained by Barbara McManus
The Romans: an introduction: a companion to Antony Kamm's book of the same name
The Roman Empire: In the First Century: PBS
SPQR: Encyclopaedia Romana: created and maintained by James Grout
The Romans: a collection of resources on Roman history and culture created and maintained for teachers by Online Schools
Stoa Consortium: created in 1997 by Ross Scaife, Professor of Classics, University of Kentucky, for the dissemination of news and announcements; discussion of best practices via discussion groups and white papers; publication of experimental on-line projects, many subject to scholarly peer review. Open access to networked scholarship is a bedrock principle for this site.
Trajan's Column: the McMaster Column of Trajan Project
UNRV Roman History: The Empire: the United Nations of Roma Victrix seeks to provide a forum for scholars and students who study Rome in all forms; it aims to give visitors a substantial look into what Rome was.
VRoma: A Virtual Community for Teaching and Learning Classics: initially funded by a National Endowment for the Humanities Teaching with Technology grant, the project is both an on-line place, modeled on the ancient city of Rome, where students and instructors can interact live, hold courses and lectures, and share resources for the study of the ancient world, and a collection of internet resources. The resources, including texts, commentaries, images, maps and other materials, are accessible in a variety of formats. The VRoma community facilitates collaborative planning and implementation of many different types of joint projects for the teaching and learning of Classics. Suzanne Bonefas and Barbara McManus co-direct the project; other original VRoma directors were Steve Nimis, Michael Arnush, and Kenny Morrell.
Women and the Family, Alisa Tanenbaum