Link to Instruction materials link to Companion home page link to Worlds of Roman Women in texts & images

Resources for Translation and Interpretation

Many Internet sites offer language and background resources for the classicist. Of particular interest is the webpage Useful Internet Links for AP Latin, which is helpful for the non-AP Latinist as well. Listed below are dependable sites that users of Companion will find handy and instructive for comprehension of Worlds passages. Since it is our pedagogical bias that intermediate-level students should be encouraged to read as much Latin in the original as possible for a better understanding of the language, we have been generous with our text glosses and suggestions for resources in order to facilitate their reading.

Calendars
        Calendar of Holidays and Festivals
        Calendars Through the Ages
        The Roman Calendar
        History of the Roman Calendar
        Roman Festivals/Sacred Days
        Ovid's Fasti, poetic translation by A.S. Kline

Coins:
        Ancient Coins for Education
        Ancient Coins: In Praise of the Celators!
        Reading Ancient Coins
        The Ruth and Louise McCollum Memorial Collection of Ancient Coins

Grammars: Good reference grammars are welcome at any level of language learning, but especially for intermediate Latin students:
        A basic Latin grammar
        Bennett´s New Latin Grammar, online at Project Gutenberg or free download
        Allen and Greenough's New Latin Grammar for Schools and Colleges at Perseus
        Allen and Greenough's Latin Grammar at Project Libellus

Inscriptions:
        Introduction to Greek and Latin Epigraphy: an absolute beginners' guide: Onno van Nijf. This webpage, though dated, provides a great deal of information and resources about both Greek and Latin epigraphy
        Latin Epigraphy: Major Web Resources: on Lacus Curtius
        Databases of Latin Inscriptions:

        Video: "Meet the Romans with Mary Beard," a three-part BBC series, each an hour long, uses inscriptions to focus on ordinary Romans. Part 1 deals with the question "Who were the [Imperial] Romans?"; Part 2 treats daily life; Part 3 goes behind the doors of the Roman family. Beard travels to museums and archaeological sites, many closed to the public, in Rome, Ostia, Pompeii and Herculaneum, incorporating inscriptional evidence into contemporary and humorous presentations of material remains of non-elite Romans.

Lexica: Since there is no common elementary Latin text, it is difficult to determine what vocabulary intermediate Latin students might be expected to know. Therefore, in addition to offering plentiful glosses, Companion Editors sought an accessible, reliable, and user-friendly dictionary. For now, William Whitaker's Latin-English Dictionary seems the best choice. Notre Dame's Internet version of Whitaker´s Words; free download version of Whitaker´s Words (1.97 Ed) for PC or MAC; or Classics Technology Center. Students beyond the intermediate level are advised to use Lewis and Short at Perseus, A Latin Dictionary, or on the Harvard site Pollux, Archimedes Project
       Babylon Ltd. offers several Latin dictionaries, among which is John Madsen's enhanced version of Whitaker (while free, it and Babylon's software must be downloaded for use).
       Robertson's Words for a Modern Age: A Dictionary of Latin and Greek Words, and English Word Lists, used in Modern English Vocabulary
       Abbreviations in Latin Inscriptions: Tom Elliott's useful compilation from inscriptions found in AE

Meter and Rhetoric: Understanding metrical forms and rhetorical devices makes possible a deeper level of language comprehension; these sites instructive as well as interesting.
        Hexametrica
        Glossary of Rhetorical Terms
        Reading Latin Poetry
        Rhetorical Figures
        Scansion of Poetic Meter

Maps and Reconstructions:
        Digital Atlas of the Roman Empire
        Digital Roman Forum
        EUR Model
        Forma Urbis Romae: Stanford University Project
        Models of Rome: Andre Caron
        ORBIS: The Stanford Geospatial Network Model of the Roman World
        Roman Empire
        Roman Fora
        Roman Forum of 179 AD: Robert Garbisch
        Rome and Environs: Antony Kamm
        Pleiades: Roger Bagnall, Richard Talbert, Sean Gillies offer historical geographic information about the Greek and Roman world in digital form

Oral Latin :
        SORGLL: Society for the Oral Reading of Greek and Latin Literature

Latin Pedagogy:
        “Using Authentic Latin Poetry in Lower Level Language Classes,” Mary English
        “Teaching Latin with a Feminist Consciousness,” Alice Garrett
        “The Art of Reading Latin: How to Teach It,” William Gardner Hale (1887)
        “Grammar & CLC: Keeping it in Context,” Ginny Lindzey
        “Fluent Latin”: a reflection on Latin: How to Read it Fluently by B. Dexter Hoyos, Ginny Lindzey
        “Reading Proficiency in Latin Through Expectations and Visualization,” co-authored by Donka D. Markus and Deborah Pennell Ross, Classical World 98.1 (Fall 2004) : 79-93 (permission of the editor).
        “Diagramming Latin Sentences,” Part I, Part II, Barbara McManus
        “From Slate to Tablet PC: Using New Technologies to Teach and Learn Latin and Greek,” Andrew Reinhard, Classical Journal Forum Online 2008.03.03

Latin Texts:
        Ad Fontes Academy: The Latin Library
        Bibliotheca Augustana
        De Feminis Romanis
        Forum Romanum: Corpus Scriptorum Latinorum
        Graffiti at Ostia, Texts, Inscriptions
        Teaching Classical Languages: edited by John Gruber-Miller, TCL is a peer-reviewed, online journal dedicated to exploring how we teach (and how we learn) Greek and Latin. TCL is sponsored by the Classical Association of the Middle West and South (CAMWS). For a complete list of articles, click on Back Issues.
        The Perseus Digital Library: Greek and Roman Materials
        Vindolanda Tablets Online: a collaborative project between Centre for the Study of Ancient Documents and Oxford University's Academic Computing Development Team, it is part of the Mellon Foundation's Script, Image and the Culture of Writing in the Ancient World programan. It consists of high-quality digital images of the Vindolanda writing-tablets (edd. A.K. Bowman and J.D. Thomas) and supporting materials and exercises, with searchable linked databases of texts and images, commentaries on the texts, an illustrated guide to the palaeography and characteristics of early Latin writing, evidence for the physical context of the deposit at the site of the Vindolanda fort, and for materials mentioned in the texts.

Timelines
        Consuls of the Roman Republic: Keith Fitzpatrick-Matthews
        A Roman History Timeline to Constantine: James Ruebel, Michael Arnush

Cultural Materials:
        AD79: Destruction and Re-discovery: created by Peter Clements, the website contains more than 390 pages and 3,400+ photographs, maps and plans about Pompeii, Herculaneum, Stabiae, Oplontis and Boscoreale; history of the region; daily life of the people; an in-depth look at what can be seen today; links to other related sites.
        Ancient Stuff: a site authored by Jasper Burns offering images and essays on interesting questions relating to the imperial families.
        De Imperatoribus Romanis: an online encyclopedia of Roman Emperors and their families
        Getty Villa: a searchable guide to the Greek and Latin collections at the museum in Malibu, CA, and supporting educational materials
        Greek Mythology Link: a searchable guide to the Greco-Roman gods, heroes and myths by Carlos Parada
        Medicina Antiqua: a scholarly introduction and resource for the study of Graeco-Roman medicine, it was created by Lee Pearcy and Jason Davies
        National Latin Exam: Materials and Texts
        Ostia Antica: Harbor City of Ancient Rome: a professional and educational resource maintained by the Internet Group Ostia under the Soprintendenza of Rome
        Perseus Digital Library: Greek and Roman Materials
        Pompeian Households: created by Penelope M. Allison
        Roman Britain: created by Patrick Ottaway FSA
        Pompeii Forum Project: an interdisciplinary collaborative research venture sponsored by the National Endowment for the Humanities, the University of Virginia, and private contributors.
        Rome: Republic to Empire: created and maintained by Barbara McManus
        The Romans: an introduction: a companion to Antony Kamm's book of the same name
        The Roman Empire: In the First Century: PBS
        SPQR: Encyclopaedia Romana: created and maintained by James Grout
        The Romans: a collection of resources on Roman history and culture created and maintained for teachers by Online Schools
        Stoa Consortium: created in 1997 by Ross Scaife, Professor of Classics, University of Kentucky, for the dissemination of news and announcements; discussion of best practices via discussion groups and white papers; publication of experimental on-line projects, many subject to scholarly peer review. Open access to networked scholarship is a bedrock principle for this site.
        Trajan's Column: the McMaster Column of Trajan Project
        UNRV Roman History: The Empire: the United Nations of Roma Victrix seeks to provide a forum for scholars and students who study Rome in all forms; it aims to give visitors a substantial look into what Rome was.
        VRoma: A Virtual Community for Teaching and Learning Classics: initially funded by a National Endowment for the Humanities “Teaching with Technology” grant, the project is both an on-line “place,” modeled on the ancient city of Rome, where students and instructors can interact live, hold courses and lectures, and share resources for the study of the ancient world, and a collection of internet resources. The resources, including texts, commentaries, images, maps and other materials, are accessible in a variety of formats. The VRoma community facilitates collaborative planning and implementation of many different types of joint projects for the teaching and learning of Classics. Suzanne Bonefas and Barbara McManus co-direct the project; other original VRoma directors were Steve Nimis, Michael Arnush, and Kenny Morrell.
        “Women and the Family,” Alisa Tanenbaum
        


Ann R. Raia and Judith Lynn Sebesta
Updated May 2014