feminis: indirect object of
fecundus, a, um
suboles, is f.
otium, i n.
leisure time; release from work.
sometimes, a few times.
natus, i m.
son. It is unclear, however, whether Columella is using the plural as a collective noun referring to children of both sexes.
rear, raise; educassent = educavissent; the subject is feminae.
vacatio, onis f.
exemption from work due to service.
contingo, ere, tigi, tactum + dative
befall, fall to (someone). The subject is vacatio and libertas.
cura, ae f.
care, attention; trouble; exertion, industry.
patris familias (objective genitive) i.e., the master; familia can also denote the slaves of a particular master.
multum confert: confers much (benefit).
augendo patrimonio: gerundive, by increasing his wealth. The slaves children were also slaves and so essentially increased the masters total wealth.
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