The College of New Rochelle Mother Irene Gill Library

March/April Exhibit:  
??BORDER OR BARRIERS??
CURRENT ISSUES IN IMMIGRATION

Exhibit by Sr. Martha Counihan O.S.U. Associate Professor, College Archivist, Gill Library
 Online exhibit adaptation by Susan Acampora
, Associate Professor, Systems Librarian, Gill Library.

    
     The United States is a nation of immigrants; in 1890 42.2 % of New York City’s residents were immigrants. A century later the percentage was 28.4%, and the numbers continue to climb.

     Historically,  in the United States, when numbers of foreign born residents have risen, a result has been alarm, nativism (a shared popular belief favoring the native born over the foreign born), and local, state, or national legislation aimed at controlling or excluding immigration of all or selected foreign born populations. Religion, race, language, and ethnicity have all been targeted by those who wish to exclude new immigrants.
     This display includes a number of items from the Gill Library’s collections in history, education, law, social sciences, and literature which treat the present debates over immigration.
     A foreign born person in the US can be a naturalized citizen, a student or worker on a temporary visa, a refugee, an asylum-seeker, or an undocumented resident. How and why persons choose to leave their homeland or must leave and come to the United States have layers of economic, social, religious, employment, political, and personal issues uniquely interlaced.

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Irish Immigrants Leaving Queenstown Harbor
 

More info about this image from
NYPL Digital Collection Gallery

 

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Illustrations in popular magazines sometimes satirized the physical characteristics of immigrants; others romanticized the immigrant. These images are from the  New York Public Library's Digital Collection Gallery.

 
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A Useful Family

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NYPL Digital Collection Gallery

   

 
 


Literature is one way in which the immigrants’ stories are shared; children’s, young adult, and adult fiction recount the often painful transition of entry into the foreign culture of the USA.
 


 

   

Viewing our borders as open entry-ways for illegal immigration is not a 21st Century phenomenon. This 1889 illustration displays the illegal entry of Chinese who had been excluded from entry into the US as early as the 1870’s.

This image is from Calisphere and was contributed
Courtesy of The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley, CA.


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More Info about this image from Calisphere
 

   
 


1870 US Census of Ursuline convent in Morrisania;  24 of the nuns were immigrants, 7 were American born.
 


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1870 Census of Ursuline convent in Morrisania

   
   
 

1870 US Census showing the family of Mother Irene Gill (Lucy) living in Manhattan; the family arrived from Ireland in 1868. The older children were working, the younger ones attended school.

 


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1870 US Census showing the family of Mother Irene Gill (Lucy) living in Manhattan


 

   

 


1922 Naturalization papers of Mother Philomena Barrett; the passing of women’s suffrage led to many women becoming naturalized. 


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Check out the Gill Library Website section on RESOURCES to locate library holdings and online information sources on immigration

See also, the Immigration Research Guide prepared by Ana Fontoura, Assistant Professor, Electronic Resources Librarian, Gill Library.

   


Bibliography of Exhibit Books: 
 
??BORDER OR BARRIERS?? CURRENT ISSUES IN IMMIGRATION

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General Studies

American mosaic : the immigrant experience in the words of those who lived it.  Morrison, Joan  and Charlotte Fox Zabusky. Compilers. New York : Dutton, 1980.  JV6455 .M67 
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The case against immigration : the moral, economic, social, and environmental reasons for reducing U.S. immigration back to traditional levels.  Beck, Roy .  New York:  W. W. Norton, 1996.  JV6471 .B43 1996 
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Coming to America : a history of immigration and ethnicity in American life. Daniels, Roger. Editor.  New York, NY : HarperCollins, c1990.   E184.A1 D26 1990
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Con respeto : bridging the distances between culturally diverse families and schools : an ethnographic portrait.  Valdés, Guadalupe. New York : Teachers College Press, 1996.   LC2687.T4 V35 1996 
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Finding my voice. Lee, Mary G. Boston : Houghton Mifflin, 1992.  JUV L
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The hundred secret sensesTan, Amy. New York : G.P. Putnam's Sons, c1995.  PS3570.A48 H86 1995 
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Illegal immigration : an unfolding crisis.  James, Daniel .  Lanham, Md. : University Press of America ; Washington, D.C. : Mexico-United States Institute, c1991  HD8081.M6 J36 1991 
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Illegal immigration : opposing viewpoints.  Dudley, William . Editor.   San Diego, Calif. : Greenhaven Press, c2002. JV6483 .I54 2002    
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Immigrant women.   Schwartz Seller, Maxine.  Editor. Albany : State University of New York Press, 1994.  HQ1410 .I43 1994
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Immigration. Gerdes, Louise I. , Editor.  San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 2005.  JV6465 .I4713 2005   
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The Immigration and Naturalization Service.  Dixon, Edward H. and Mark A. Galan.  New York : Chelsea House, 1990.  JV6465 .D26 1997 
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Immigration law and procedure in a nutshell.  Weissbrodt, David and Laura Danielson.  St. Paul.: Thomson/West, c2005. KF4819.3 .W4 2005 
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Immigrants out! : the new nativism and the anti-immigrant impulse in the United States.  Perea, Juan F.  Editor. New York : New York University Press, c1997.  E184.A1 I4355 1996 
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Not like us : immigrants and minorities in America, 1890-1924. Daniels, Roger .  Chicago, Ivan R. Dee, 1997.
JV6465 .D26 1997
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The other side = El otro ladoAlvarez, Julia. New York : Dutton, c1995.  PS3551.L845 O84 1995
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Paper Fish. De Rosa, Tina. New York : Feminist Press at the City University of New York, 1996
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Refugee Rose, Anne K.  New York : Dial Press, c1977.
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Teaching Other People's Children: Literacy and Learning in a Bi-Lingual Classroom.  Ballenger, Cynthia. New York : Teachers College Press, c1999.
LC3746 .B336 1999

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The transplanted : a history of immigrants in urban America.  Bodnar, John.  Bloomington : Indiana University Press, 1987.  E184.A1 B59 1987 
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