course title Theories about the Construction of Gender Identity

1. Biological Theory: emphasizes influence of genes and hormones

2. Psychodynamic Theories:

3. External Theories: emphasize what culture does to the individual

4. Identity-Construction Theory: emphasizes the individual’s personal and conscious commitment to a specific image of self

5. Enculturated-Lens Theory: Sandra Bem’s theory, which includes all the above and also emphasizes the social and historical context containing the lenses of gender). There are two key enculturation processes that are constantly linked and working together:

February, 1999
Barbara F. McManus
Topics and Assignments