Due May 20
Step 1: Choose one of the major Olympian
goddesses (Demeter, Hera, Aphrodite, Artemis, or Athena) to study in more depth
than the class allows.
Step 2: Read the sections on your
goddess in the course text (Baring, Anne and Jules Cashford, The Myth of the
Goddess: Evolution of an Image).
Step 3: Search the World Wide Web for
relevant pages on your goddess. Hand in the following on April 20: a
statement of which goddess you have adopted and a log of all the web sites you
visited, including correct URLs and a brief description of the resources on the
site which are relevant to your essay. The following sites will be particularly
Step 4: Read the sections on your
goddess in the following books (all on reserve); although not every book deals
with all the goddesses, you are required to read all of these that do treat
your goddess. You may also find this on-line article useful:
of Mysticism: Reviving the Goddess (an independent study project by Paula
- Bolen, Jean S. Goddesses in Everywoman (BL785.D66).
- Downing, Christine, The Goddess: Mythological Images of the
- Morford, Mark and RJ Lenardon, Classical Mythology (BL722 M67).
- Pratt, Annis, Dancing with Goddesses: Archetypes, Poetry, and
Empowerment (PR508.A66 P73 1994).
Step 5: Write an essay that will include
all the following points in a coherent, connected reflective essay; as you
discuss your goddess's visual appearance and attributes, include xeroxes of
relevant images from your web search and/or the books you have consulted:
- Analyze your goddess's archetypal role and symbols, including such points
as her visual appearance and her interaction with other deities and mortals in
myths (how do these relate to the framework for the analysis of feminine
archetypal symbolism that we have studied in this classNeumann's diagram,
the two characters of the feminine, positive and negative symbolism, etc.?)
- Discuss the values, positive and negative, that your goddess represents for
modern human beings (e.g., what does she suggest about the worth of the
feminine? about its dangers or pitfalls? about relationships? about
psychological development and maturity?)
- Explain how the mythic and artistic representations of classical goddesses
that we have been studying provide a kind of "map" for charting one's
course through the type of inner and outer archetypal influences a modern woman
is likely to encounter. In your opinion, can a knowledge and understanding of
the dynamics of the feminine archetype change one's way of looking at the
world? Can it make a significant contribution to an individual's personal
search for identity in the face of cultural sex stereotyping and pressures?
NB: This paper will combine research with your own personal thoughts about
this goddess; it is not primarily a research paper, but rather a reflective
essay. You will, however, need not only the class notes, slides, and
discussion, but also the readings and other research I have required in order
to gather sufficient information about the goddess for your reflections.
Therefore you must include a bibliography of sources consulted; any direct
quotations or borrowed ideas or interpretations must be properly cited and
You may, if you wish further information on your goddess, also check other
mythology handbooks and analytic discussions of mythology, but this is not
required There follows a brief listing of some additional sources you may find
helpful; do not use popularized and romanticized handbooks of mythology such as
the ones by Edith Hamilton or Bulfinch.
- Barthell, E.E. Gods and Goddesses of Ancient Greece. (Ref BL303 B6)
Campbell, J. The Mythic Image. (Folio BL311 C274)
- Grant, M. Myths of the Greeks and Romans. (BL722 G7)
- Graves, Robert. Greek Myths (Illustrated edition). (BL 781.G65 1982)
- Guirand, F. Greek Mythology. (BL782 G8)
- . (ed.). The New Larousse Encyclopedia of
Mythology. (BL781 G8)
- Kerenyi, C. Eleusis: Archetypal Image of Mother and Daughter. (BL782
K4 Vol. 4)
- . Zeus and Hera: Archetypal Image of Father, Husband,
and Wife. (BL782 K4 Vol. 5)
- Mayerson, P. Classical Mythology in Literature, Art, and Music.
(NX650 M9 M38)
- Pears Encyclopedia of Myths and Legends. (Ref BL311 S24 1976 Vol. 1)
- Pinsent, J. Greek Mythology. (Quarto BL782 P53)
- Reinhold, M. Past and Present: The Continuity of Classical Myths.
- Slater, P. The Glory of Hera: Greek Mythology and the Greek Family.
Barbara F. McManus
CLS 061 Syllabus