YOU'VE COME A LONG WAY, BABY!
(have we really?)

The Steadfast Philosopher
“The Steadfast Philosopher," by Gerard von Honthurst (1623)
modern cigarette ad
Benson & Hedges cigarette advertisement (1980's)

Compare and contrast the use of gender symbolism in these two images, including meaning, context, use (or not) of stereotypes, body language, etc. Does this modern ad, in your opinion, represent meaningful progress?

Read the responses posted by students in my Feminine Archetype class and my Women, Gender, and Power class.

Barbara F. McManus