This course involves the translation and reading of a wide selection of Ciceros prose works, particularly the rhetorical (Philippics II) and philosophical (De Senectute, De Amicitia, Somnium Scipionis), as well as assessment of Ciceros contribution to the formation of a classic Latin prose style and of his place in Latin literature and Roman politics.
students will demonstrate:
Class time will be used for reading and
translation of Latin; analysis of Ciceronian Latin forms, syntax, and
style; discussion of Ciceros life, work, and philosophy; on-line
workshops; student presentations.
The course syllabus is posted at Nicenet, where students are registered for semester conferencing, posting and reading of documents, daily assignments, project presentation, and research and posting of links.
§ S. J. Wilson, The Thought of
Cicero, with notes and vocabulary. G. Bell & Sons, Ltd. 1974.
§ A Latin dictionary:
if you do not already own one, I recommend the inexpensive but useful Collins Gem Dictionary.
§ A Latin grammar or introductory text:
if you do not already own one, I recommend the inexpensive but useful Essentials of Latin Grammar by W. Michael Wilson. Passport Books: NTC/Contemporary Publishing Group, 1968.
§ Nicenet , a free site for electronic discussion and course management.
§ Xeroxed texts and guides.
§ Electronic texts and resources for ancient Rome: the Intermediate Latin Program for texts, grammar, and links; Perseus for Latin texts, Allen and Greenoughs Latin grammar, searchable Lewis and Short Latin dictionary, and image links; The Latin Library for texts; VRoma for maps, images, and links; the Ancient World Wide Web for a variety of classical resources.
Students will be graded on the quality of
their completion of the requirements listed above as follows:
50% class attendance, preparation, and participation*
20% final exam
*Students who exceed the maximum number of un-excused absences (4 in a 75 minute class) will find their grade negatively affected in this category.
The class will meet on Tuesdays and Thursdays, from 9:30-11 am in Ch 203; you will be advised when class will be held in the Computer classroom (MC 136). Your class is a wonderful mix of students at different levels of Latin, with a variety of Latin experience. The first month will be spent establishing a common foundation and a balanced pace and style that is reasonable, responsive, motivational, and meets the course objectives in an atmosphere that is comfortable and collaborative. Through class recitation and homework assignments you will review Latin grammar as you encounter problems with translation, improve your reading and translation strategies, work productively in teams, and independently, sharing your work with each other.
6: Meeting in C 203 and MC 136
Introductions to each other, the syllabus, the electronic resources of Nicenet and the Intermediate Latin Program, as well as to the Latin of Cicero through sight-reading. Translation in class of on-line selections from Ciceros De Amicitia. Team homework assignment of adapted Cicero texts from Wheelock, to be posted at the Nicenet Documents site.
Tuesday, September 11: Meeting in MC 136 to continue working with Nicenet and the Intermediate Latin Program. During the remainder of the week, due to the cancellation of classes, work on emailed assignments. You may wish to post a message to the class at the new Nicenet conferencing theme "Tragedy." Go to Intermediate Latin and finish the rest of the Cicero. 2 passage. This text actually fits the mood of the moment--Laelius' "pupils" approach him as a Wise Man, and ask him how it is possible for him to deal with such equanimity with the death of his closest friend, Scipio Africanus. The selection focuses on the speech of Fannius, in which he talks about Laelius' reputation for wisdom and how he belongs in history's list of Wise Men. You may also wish to collaborate with each other on the text assignment, now due on Thursday, September 20.
Tuesday, September 18: Meeting in MC 136 to continue to review texts from the first assignment on line and sight-read in the on-line Intermediate Latin Program. Class critique of your on-line translations from the adapted Cicero texts in Wheelock: "The Tyrant Can Trust No One" by Cara West; "The Nervousness of Even a Great Orator" by Allyssandra Pane-Berrios & Kimberly Nickerson; "Pompey, Caesar and Cicero" by Faith Racette; "How Demosthenes Overcame His Handicaps" by Judith Jeremie and Jennifer Pinheiro.
Thursday, September 20: Ch 203: prepared and sight translations of adapted and original Cicero texts in Wheelock: "Death of a Puppy" (Kim and Allie); "Too Conscientious" (Judi and Jen); "Quam Multa Non Desidero" (Faith); "Themistocles" (Cara).
Tuesday, September 25: At-home assignment: complete the on-line Intermediate Latin Program selection from Cicero's De Amicitia. Click on the text icon in the left hand navigation box. Click on the first Cicero reading on the text menu page . This will take you to the first frame, already translated in class. Click on the bottom arrow, which will take you to the 2nd text frame. With the help of the parsing, glossary, commentary, and Magister at each frame, translate frames 2-6 of this selection. When you have completed your translation, click on the puzzle icon, choose the title "M.Ciceronis De Amicitia 2," enter your translation in the translation box, and send it. Email your questions or get help with the program from Faith or Cara. Plan ahead, as your translation is due by Noon on Tuesday, October 2.
Thursday, September 27: Ch 203: class translation of team assignments in Wilson's The Thought of Cicero: "The Guide of Life" by Judi & Jen; "Farewell to the Reader" by Kim & Allie; "Farewell to the Author" by Faith; "Epilogue" by Cara. Review of the Ablative Absolute construction and critique of your Latin sentences. Introduction to Project I.
Tuesday, October 2: Meet in MC 136. Prepared and sight translation of Cicero.7 in the on-line Intermediate Latin Program .
Thursday, October 4: Ch 203: Wilson's introductory remarks on Cicero's philosophical works (pp. 9-11, The Thought of Cicero). Review of the Indirect Discourse construction and critique of your Latin sentences. Review of revised team translations in Wilson.
Tuesday, October 9: Ch203
Project I due. Review of revised team translations in Wilson.
Thursday, October 11: Ch 203. Review of the Indirect Question construction and critique of your Latin sentences. Translation of "The Choice of Hercules" from the Wilson text. Reading in English and comparison of the original story in Xenophon's Memorabilia.
Tuesday, October 16: Ch 203. Translation of "The Roman Gentleman" from Wilson's The Thought of Cicero. Introduction to Project II and to the selection list of Cicero's major correspondents.
Thursday, October 18: Meeting in MC 136 for prepared and sight translations of Cicero.8 in the Intermediate Latin Program. Introduction to Cicero's Correspondents , a chapter in Evelyn Shuckburgh's English edition of the complete collection of Cicero's letters at Perseus, and selection of correspondents for Project II.
Tuesday, October 23: Ch 203. Review of the Participle, Gerund, Gerundive, and Periphrastic constructions; critique of your Latin sentences. Translation of "Regulus or Honor" in Wilson's The Thought of Cicero.
Thursday, October 25: Ch 203. Review of the supine; critique of Latin sentences. Translation of "Sapiens" in Wilson's The Thought of Cicero.
Tuesday, October 30: Ch 203. Translation of "Caritas" in Wilson's The Thought of Cicero. Introduction to Project II.
1: No class meeting.
Phase 1 of the Letters Project: read your assigned letter in English (xerox of Shuckburgh translation provided); go to the Perseus website, where you may find and print the Latin text of your letter; research all that you can about your correspondent; keep a log of the Internet sites and books you visited and of the information you found on your correspondent and Cicero's relationship with him/her. Make an appointment for an individual consultation.
Tuesday, November 6: Ch 203.
Translation of "Libertas" in Wilson's The Thought of
Consultations: Bring your research notes and questions to this individual meeting outside of class on Tuesday, November 6: Judi, Cara, and Wednesday, November 7: Allie, Jennifer, Kim; TBA: Faith.
Thursday, November 8: Ch 203. Translation of "Wealth & Ambition" in Wilson's The Thought of Cicero.
Tuesday, November 13: Ch 203. Translation of "Iure Plectimur" in Wilson's The Thought of Cicero.
Thursday, November 15: Ch 203. Translation of " Cato on Old Age" by Allie, Cara, Faith, and "The Argument From Design" by Jennifer, Judi, Kim, in Wilson's The Thought of Cicero. Phase 2 of the Letters Project: submit the list of 4 letters you have selected for the Letters Project, together with a one-page rationale explaining the basis for your selection
Tuesday, November 20:Ch 203. Translation of "Man a Rational and Social Being" in Wilson's The Thought of Cicero. Submit via email your choice of letters for the Letter Project, including the letter number, the name of the addressee, the place, date, and the locus in Perseus.
Tuesday, November 27:Ch 203. Discussion of the Thanksgiving reading assignment in English of Plato's "Dream of Er," from the close of his Republic, and the English introduction to the "Somnium Scipionis" in F.E. Rockwood's Cicero's Tusculan Disputations I and Scipio's Dream.Translation of sections 1-2 of "Somnium Scipionis" in Wilson's The Thought of Cicero.
Thursday, November 29: Meeting in MC 136 for a Research Workshop on the Letters Project. Email your translation of sections 3-4 of "Somnium Scipionis" in Wilson's The Thought of Cicero.
Tuesday, December 4: Ch 203. Translation of sections 5-6 of "Somnium Scipionis" in Wilson's The Thought of Cicero. Phase 3 of the Letters Project: submit your translation and grammar analysis of the Latin of your assigned letter via email and in hard copy.
Thursday, December 6: Ch 203. Translation of the next assigned section of "Somnium Scipionis" in Wilson's The Thought of Cicero. Meet with Dr. Raia by Tuesday, December 11 to discuss your December 13 presentation.
Tuesday, December 11: Ch 203. Translation of the next assigned section of "Somnium Scipionis" in Wilson's The Thought of Cicero.
Thursday, December 13: Meet in the Iselin Room for the Letters Project presentations. Each student has 10 minutes to make her individual presentation. There will be a break for brief discussion after every two presentations. The order of presentations is as follows: Terentia-Tullia-Marcus and Quintus; break;Tiro and Atticus; break; Cato and Brutus; break.
Team On-Line Dictionary Definition Assignment in the Lewis & Short Latin Dictionary at Perseus as follows:
Judi and Jen: MOS, LITTERA ; Faith: HUMANUS; Kim and Allie: PATRIA, SCIENTIA; Cara: MEMORIA.
Enter your word in the search box and submit. You will receive the definition with textual examples, beneath two tables of figures (number of occurrences of the word in Perseus texts and words with similar definitions). Print these pages and write your responses to the questions below directly on them. Click on the number in the table column titled "Max. Inst." and you will get a page of tables of frequencies for your word. Print these pages and write your responses to the questions below directly on them.
Read carefully through the definition of your word and the text citations, noting the different meanings and usages, especially in the Cicero texts. Which meaning is appropriate to the text you read? Does Cicero use the word in its literal/common sense or in its metaphorical/unusual sense? What did you learn about your word(s) that you didn't know before? Look over the frequency tables and make some observations about the number of times your word occurs in all texts and the number of times Cicero uses it, as well as any other observations you care to make on the basis of your reading of the numbers. Be prepared to present your findings to the class and hand in your print-outs and responses on Tuesday, October 9.
II: "The Letters Project"
Cicero' letters, collected probably for publication by his freedman Tiro and his close friend Atticus, are a treasure-trove of information about the decisive events in the closing years of the Republic and about the personality and intimates of Cicero. They give a very different view of Cicero and reflect a more relaxed Latin style than is found in his opera philosophica.
There are some 394 letters in the collection ad Atticum and 423 letters in the collection ad Familiares, some of which are addressed to rather than written by Cicero.
Phase 1: Read your assigned letter in English and Latin for November 1. Research your correspondent on the Internet and in print. Keep a log of your researched sites and the information you have found and submit it for review during your first consultation.
Phase 2: Explore the corpus of letters and select three other letters, written by Cicero to your correspondent, to be read in English for November 15. Be prepared to explain why you have chosen the three letters and to demonstrate their significance (e.g., topic of particular interest to the time or life of Cicero; overview of different moments in Cicero's life or career; insight into Cicero's character or his relationship with your correspondent; reflection of Roman history, institutions, or customs).
Phase 3: Translate the Latin of your assigned letter into English, keeping close to the literal meaning for December 4. Make a list of vocabulary and constructions that appear in your letter that you have met this semester in assigned Cicero texts in Wilson or the on-line Latin program (refer to your guide "Some Highlights of Latin Constructions and Grammatical Forms Simplified"). Submit your translation and grammar analysis via email and in hard copy by Tuesday, December 4.
Phase 4: Write a profile of your correspondent, enumerating the details of his/her life and referencing it to events in Cicero's life. Describe Cicero's relationship to your correspondent and, if possible, your correspondent's impression of Cicero. Where do your four letters fit into this picture and what do they contribute to it (be specific)? Submit this profile, together with your print and Internet bibliography, on December 13.
Part 1: Make a presentation to the class on Thursday, December 13, teaching them about your correspondent, Cicero's relationship to your correspondent, and setting forth your rationale for the choice of your letters. Feel free to include pertinent plans, images, webpages. If you plan to use technology, inform Dr. Raia by Thursday, December 6.
We will meet in the Iselin Room. Each student will have 10 minutes to make her presentation. There will be a break for class discussion after every two presentations as follows:
Part 2: Submit a Letters Project Portfolio which contains your notes, project assignments, worksheets, profile, and bibliography of sources, on December 13.
Jeremie: Letters to
Terentia, Tullia, Son Marcus
LXI (F XIV,4) To Terentia, Tulliola, Young Cicero at Rome from M. Tullius Cicero at Brundisium 29 April 58 BCE (assigned letter)
LXXVIII (FXIV,2) To Terentia at Rome from M. Tullius Cicero at Thessalonica 5 October 58 BCE
CCCVII (F XIV,14) To Terentia and Tullia at Rome from M. Tullius Cicero at Minturnae23 January 49 BCE
CDXII (F XIV,6) To Terentia (at Rome) from M. Tullius Cicero at Epirus 15 July 48 BCE
CDXLVII (F XIV,20) To Terentia at Rome from M. Tullius Cicero at Venusia 1 October 47 BCE
Pane-Bereios: The Letters to
XXIX (Q FR I,1) to his Brother Quintus in Asia from M. Tullius Cicero at Rome, December 60 BCE
LXXI (Q FR I, 4) to his Brother Quintus at Rome from M. Tullius Cicero at Thessalonica, August 58 BCE (assigned letter)
LXV (Q FR I,3) to his Brother Quintus on his way to Rome from M. Tullius Cicero at Thessalonica 15 June 58 BCE
XCII (Q FR II, i) to his Brother Quintus in Sardinia from M. Tullius Cicero at Rome 10 December 57 BCE.
CLXXXIII (A V, I) to Atticus at Rome from M. Tullius Cicero at Minturnae, May 51 BCE
Nickerson: The Letters to Tiro
CCLXXXVI to Tiro at Patrae from M. Tullius Cicero at Alyzia on 6 November 50 BCE
CCLXXXVII to Tiro at Patrae from M. Tullius Cicero at Leucas on 7 November 50 BCE (assigned letter)
CCLXXXVIII to Tiro at Patrae from M. Tullius Cicero off Leucas on 7 November 50 BCE
CCLXXXIX to Tiro at Patrae from M. Tullius Cicero at Actium on 7 November 50 BCE
West: The Atticus Letters
CCCLXII (A IX, 8) to T. Pomponius Atticus at Rome from M. Tullius Cicero at Formiae 14 March 49 BCE
CCCLXIV (A IX, 10) to T. Pomponius Atticus at Rome from M. Tullius Cicero at Formiae 18 March 49 BCE
CCLXXV (A IX, 18) to T. Pomponius Atticus at Rome from M. Tullius Cicero at Arpinum 29 March 49 BCE (assigned letter)
DCCXV (A XIV, 13) to T. Pomponius Atticus at Rome from M. Tullius Cicero at Puteoli 26 April 44 BCE
Pinheiro: The Cato Letters
CCXI To M. Porcius Cato at Rome from M. Tullius Cicero at Iconium August 51 BCE
CCXXXVII To M. Porcius Cato at Rome from M. Tullius Cicero at Cilicia January 50 BCE
CCLXV To M. Tullius Cicero in Cilicia from M. Porcius Cato at Rome June 50 BCE
CCLXXVII To M. Porcius Cato at Rome from M. Tullius Cicero at Asia September 50 BCE (assigned letter)
Racette: The Letters to Brutus
CCCXCVII (BRUT. I, 9) to M. Iunius Brutus in Macedonia from M. Tullius Cicero at ROME 8 JUNE 43 BCE (assigned letter)
CCCXCII (BRUT. I, 10) to M. Iunius Brutus in Macedonia from M. Tullius Cicero at ROME, JUNE 43 BCE
DCCCLXI (BRUT. I, 17) to T. Pomponius Atticus at Rome from M. Iunius Brutus in Macedonia, May 43 BCE (assigned letter)
CCCXCVIII (F. XI, 25) to Decimus Brutus at Cularo (?) from M. Tullius Cicero at Rome 10 June 43 BCE
CMIV (BRUT. I, 12) to M. Iunius Brutus in Macedonia from M. Tullius Cicero at Rome, beginning of July 43 BCE
CMIII (BRUT. I, 13) to M. Iunius Brutus in Macedonia from M. Tullius Cicero at Rome 1 July 43 BCE